Archives par étiquette : DEFENSE RESPONSES

INTERACTIONS BETWEEN PLANTS AND PATHOGEN MICROORGANISMS: FROM STRESS PERCEPTION TO DEFENSE RESPONSES


SALADIN Gaëlle

INTRODUCTION

Phytopathogenic microorganisms (fungi, oomycetes and bacteria) cause each year a yield loss of 10 – 15 % in the world. Around 70 % of plant diseases are related to fungi, these microorganisms representing with oomycetes more than 100 000 phytopathogenic species whereas there are approximately 100 species of phytopathogenic bacteria.Phytopathogenic species can have three modes of trophy depending on the species[1]:

– they can grow in living plant tissues (biotrophy) such as Ustilago, Puccinia and AgrobacteriumLa suite